Exogenous Testosterone for Hormonal Replacement Therapy
The human body produces many kinds of hormones for the normal development of various organs and functions. One such hormone is Testosterone which is secreted in the Testes of men. Primarily this is characterized as a male hormone but women do secrete small amounts of the hormone in their ovaries but considerably less. The amount of hormone to be secreted is done by the Pituitary glands which in turn is controlled by the Hypothalamus. The main function of the hormone is to regulate metabolism and the secondary function is controlling the sex organs. When the naturally secreted level is low, a lot of issues may arise in the body and should be looked into to bring it to normal levels
The secretion may become low in the case when the glands are damaged or dysfunctional. This may occur to a brain tumor or accident or other reasons. In these cases, Testosterone is delivered exogenously.The naturally produced hormone is termed Endogenous and chemical compounds synthesized in labs are called Exogenous hormones. The levels of the hormone vary with age and time of the day. In adults, 300-100 ng/dl is considered normal and before adolescence and old age people may have less than this value. The body is capable of producing enough levels of the hormone by itself by having a good night sleep. When this is not the case, then the hormone can be injected into the body. People with low Testosterone levels may feel lethargic, disinterested, lack of sexual desire, accumulation of fat and in some cases infertile.
Boosting Testosterone Levels
Under certain medical situations or where people require testosterone, as in the case of bodybuilders and athletes, they can be injected. Various forms of the steroid are available for this purpose. Some of the examples include Testosterone Enanthate, Testosterone Cypionate, Testosterone Acetate, Testosterone Deaconate and Testosterone Phenylpropionate. These are called as esters. The difference between them is how far the drug is active in the body. Some of them have a short life while others are long lasting. When injected, they form a depot and starts to release the steroid slowly as time progresses. This way a, a normal level is maintained. With the normal levels, a person may feel rejuvenated with boundless energy, lose fat, increased vigor and vitality, increased sexual desire and sperm motility and count.
The administration of Testosterone should be monitored by medical people, for there are high chances side effects may occur. Common side effects include aggression, irritation at the site of injections, nausea and vomiting, headache and sometimes constipation. These may disappear once the usage is stopped. But when the levels exceed certain limits or used for long times, chances of developing permanent and irreparable damages may happen. This could be infertility due to low sperm count or motility and heart damages due to cholesterol changes. If the skin patch or lotion is used, this could result in permanent skin color change at the site of applications. Testosterone delivered exogenously could be useful when used responsibly and care is to be taken by the user not to exceed its limits.